Brain Injury Solicitors - TBI Compensation Claim Law

LAWYER HELPLINE: 1800 352 100

Have you been injured in an accident that wasn't your fault?
Are you thinking about making a compensation claim?
Are you looking for a brain injury solicitor?

Our brain injury solicitors use the no win no fee scheme and compensation is paid in full. If you would like advice on how to make a traumatic brain injury claim with no further obligation from a brain injury solicitors just use the helpline or complete and send the contact form.

Brain Injury

TBI occurs when a physical blow or a sudden jolt to the head causes damage to the brain. TBI may cause long-lasting physical, emotional, intellectual and social changes. Long-term effects place an enormous emotional and financial burden on the individual's family and strain medical and other service systems due to high costs and often life-long needs. Whilst money can never make up for the damage caused, a successful traumatic brain injury claim can ensure that the claimant's needs are fully met for the future.

A brain injury is also called a traumatic brain injury (TBI), head injury, head trauma or an acquired brain injury. Millions of people sustain a TBI from falls, motor vehicle accidents, motor cycle accidents, sports injuries, and other types of accidents or injuries. More than half of all traumatic brain injuries require hospitalization and very serious injuries may lead to death. Many TBI situations involve third party fault and if that is the case, it is always advisable to take advice from a brain injury solicitor.

Half of all traumatic brain injuries are sustained in motor vehicle accidents. TBI is also common in military personnel. While an individual can know they have had a head injury right away, some are not apparent until days or weeks after the injury. Most serious injuries need emergency treatment and some require surgery. Physical therapy and rehabilitation are required in some circumstances, especially if there has been a deficit in functioning following the injury.

There are several types of TBI. A concussion involves a jarring injury to the brain. The individual may or may not pass out for a short period of time and may lose balance or vision and will feel dazed after the injury. Most concussions are self limited and resolve on their own. A brain contusion is severe enough to cause bruising to the brain tissue. There is swelling and some degree of bleeding in the brain. A skull fracture occurs when there is a break in the skull itself. The edges of broken skull bones can cut into the brain and cause brain bleeding or other damage to the brain. A haematoma happens when there is bleeding around the brain or within the brain itself. It forms a blood clot that pushes pressure on the brain. It may take several days or weeks to identify a haematoma on the brain.

Primary injuries include:

  • focal injuries: (skull fractures, intracranial haematomas, lacerations, contusions, penetrating wounds).
  • auditory/vestibular function injuries: (hearing loss, vertigo).
  • intracranial haemorrhages: (epidural haematoma, subdural haematoma, intracerebral haemorrhage, intraventricular haemorrhage, subarachnoid haemorrhage).
  • cerebral contusions: (coup and contrecoup contusions).
  • concussion
  • diffuse axonal injury (damage to the white matter of the brain).
  • penetrating head injuries

Symptoms of TBI include:

  • headache
  • nausea
  • memory loss
  • mood swings
  • fatigue
  • cognitive difficulties
  • inability to concentrate
  • personality changes
  • emotional and behavioural problems
  • confusion
  • seizures
  • loss of sight, smell, taste, balance

After brain injury, things that once were easy and familiar become strange and difficult. Intensive mental effort is usually required to do things that once required little or no effort. Work and family life often suffer. The last thing that a victim needs is money troubles and we can help by running a traumatic brain injury claim for compensation to satisfy the victims financial needs.

    Mild TBI

      Concussion is bruising to part of the brain that can vary in severity from mere giddiness and a headache for a couple of hours, to a complete loss of consciousness lasting for weeks. Concussion most often occurs when there is a severe blow to the head.

    Moderate TBI

      Moderate head injuries are characterized by corresponding degrees of functional limitations mostly in the form of diminished mental skills.

    Severe TBI

      Severe head injuries usually result from crushing blows or penetrating wounds to the head. Such injuries crush, rip and shear delicate brain tissue. This is the most life threatening and the most intractable type of brain injury. Many individuals who suffer severe head injuries are in an unconscious state called a coma. A person in a coma may be completely unresponsive to any type of stimulation such as loud noises, pain or smells.

Causes of Brain Trauma

Most cases of brain trauma come from motor vehicle accidents or motorcycle accidents. They can also come from falls out of windows, sports injuries, other types of falls and blunt head trauma in a fight or altercation. People who bicycle or motorcycle without helmets and those who do not wear seat belts in cars are at the highest risk of brain trauma.

Brain injury solicitors deal with applications for awards of damages for personal injury on the basis of third party negligence including road traffic accidents, trips & slips and accidents at work particularly those involving falls from height and unguarded trap doors.

Symptoms of Brain Injuries

A TBI can have many symptoms. Headache is a common symptom as are dizziness, blurry vision and lethargy. There can be sudden or delayed loss of consciousness. Mild traumatic brain injuries can cause fatigue, headaches, memory loss, visual changes, limited concentration, sleep disturbances, loss of balance, irritability or emotional disturbances and feelings of depression.

A severe TBI is defined as a loss of consciousness of greater than six hours and a Glasgow Coma Scale of 3-8 (to be discussed below). Symptoms depend on the severity of the initial injury and the functions of the brain affected. There can be severe cognitive deficits, language and speech deficits, including reading deficits, sensory deficits, perceptual deficits, partial or total loss of vision or blurry vision, light intolerance, hearing deficits, smell deficits, taste deficits, seizures (extremely common), physical changes, including paralysis, spasticity, chronic pain, bladder and bowel problems or problems regulating the body temperature, and social or emotional changes.

Our brain injury solicitors also deal with applications for awards of damages for personal injury on the basis of miss-diagnosis by healthcare professionals which can cause a worsening of the initial problem.

Glasgow Coma Scale

This is a measurement used by emergency-trained personnel to relay the seriousness of a head or brain injury. The score is measured in the following ways:-

    Motor Response :-

    1. no response
    2. extensor response, i.e. decerebrate posturing
    3. abnormal flexion, i.e. decorticate posturing
    4. withdraws from noxious stimuli
    5. localizes to noxious stimuli
    6. obeys commands fully

    Verbal Response :-

    1. no sounds
    2. incomprehensible sounds
    3. inappropriate words and jumbled phrases
    4. confused, yet coherent, speech consisting of words
    5. alert and Oriented

    Eye Opening :-

    1. no eye opening
    2. eyes open to pain
    3. eyes open to speech
    4. eyes open to speech
    5. spontaneous eye opening

A mild head injury is defined as a score of 13-15. A moderate head injury is defined as a score of 9-12. A Severe head injury is defined as a score of 3-8 and a vegetative state is defined as a score of less than three. This Coma Score can be used in the acute phase of an illness or in the discussion of more chronic states of brain trauma.

Treatment of TBI

The treatment of brain trauma depends on how severe the problem is. For example, if a person is suffering from a minor concussion, medications to control headache and rest are all that is required. More severe brain injuries require hospitalization and significant treatment.

Surgery is required if there is brain swelling and a brain bleed that is not stopping on its own and is putting pressure on the brain. Sometimes a burr hole can be put into the skull, which is a hole drilled in the bone in order to release the pressure and allow the bleeding to come to the outside of the brain instead of the inside. In other situations, a craniotomy is needed. This is surgery where a larger section of skull is removed in order to get rid of any haematoma and control bleeding. Depending on the amount of swelling, the piece of skull removed may be replaced and sutured back into its regular position or can be just set in place, to be sutured or stapled in place at a later time. Subdural anathemas, epidural haematoma and subarachnoid haemorrhages are often treated with emergency surgery to reduce bleeding and evacuate the blood from the spaces in the brain.

Medical treatment of a TBI includes using pain medication to relieve headache. Seizure medications are used to prevent and control seizures. Mannitol is a medication used to reduce pressure in the brain, which can prevent a serious brain herniation. Steroids are used to reduce inflammation. If the blood pressure is too high in situations where there is bleeding on the brain, blood pressure medication is used to reduce the blood pressure. Nitroprusside is a common drug used for this purpose.

Once the head injury is stable, rehabilitation is put into place to improve the functionality of the person suffering from the head injury. This means hours of physical and occupational therapy to resume the skills the person once had before the injury took place.

Brain Injury Solicitors

Here are 3 good reasons to choose our lawyers:

  1. Our brain injury solicitors will provide you with legal advice on your rights and entitlements to compensation with no further obligation.
  2. Our solicitors are specialists with extensive experience in negotiating, settling and litigating accident compensation claims.
  3. If you decide to instruct any of our specialists to obtain compensation for you, they will act on a no win no fee basis. Compensation is paid in full and win or lose there is no charge.

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LAWYER HELPLINE: 1800 352 100